Coinsbit (stftx token price historyarting from October 05).
You may cardano alonzo mapalso be interested in:• Bhutan's 350-year-old recipe for wellbeing
• Japan's mountain ascetic hermits• Where Buddha was bornChunjur Dozi, a former tour guide, believes that Bhutan's sense of collective compassion is rooted in religion. "We have a strong communal sense of helping others, which comes from most of the population being Buddhist. I always consider if what I do will benefit the community."After no longer being able to work as a guide during the pandemic, Dozi reevaluated his perspective and returned to his village of Tekizampa in May of 2020. "The most difficult for me was coping with losing a job that I thought was secure," he said, "However, I was not without any alternatives. I was able to go back to my village and return to the earth, farming and selling produce." He has since used his experience as a tour guide to engage his peers in finding ways to promote local culture to tourists now that the Kingdom has reopened its borders. "I encouraged people to elaborate our homegrown recipes with red rice to make it as authentic as possible so people can learn about our local cuisine," he said.Rinpoche's third pillar, non-attachment or impermanence, is a Buddhist concept that is at the root of Bhutanese culture. "When something goes wrong, don't become depressed immediately because things will change," Rinpoche said. "If we accept that all things are impermanent, then that means there can be change, and with change there is hope." Rinpoche explained that this also holds true for the positive things in life. "Accepting that things don't last, including success and wealth, allows you to truly appreciate what you have at hand."
In addition to embracing self-kindness and living compassionately towards others, the pandemic has also reinforced the importance of welcoming change to Dozi. Since returning to his village, he has learned carpentry and has been helping his neighbours repair their homes while embarking on a big communal project. "We renovated a traditional farmhouse that was abandoned by a family and transformed it into a farm stay. I have been advocating a long time for a more immersive approach to tourism and for people to explore the culture and lifestyle of the more rural areas of Bhutan. At the end of the day, I learned to be happy with what I have and make the best of it."According to Rinpoche, the fourth pillar, karma, isn't what it seems.The technology backing Fantom
The Fantom project began in 2018 and was founded by Korean developer Dr. Ahn Byung Ik. The management and development of the Fantom network is currently handled by the Fantom Foundation. The current CEO of the company is Sydney based Michael Kong.Fantom is a programmable platform blockchain built to support Dapps. It was designed to be scalable and positions itself as a chain that can maintain fast, cheap transactions even when the network is busy. It uses a consensus algorithm called Lachesis.As well as being fast and cheap, Fantom is marketed as a more environmentally friendly alternative to Ethereum because it achieves consensus through proof-of-stake as opposed to proof-of-work, the consensus algorithm still used by Ethereum. PoS is much less processing power-intensive than proof-of-work and requires less energy to function.Using the Fantom network will be intuitive for anyone who has interacted with the Ethereum blockchain before. Fantom’s mainnet deployment, Opera, has the exact same functionality as Ethereum because it supports the Solidity programming language and is integrated with the Ethereum Virtual Machine. Applications can be built to be completely interoperable with EVM chains, while still maintaining the transaction model of Fantom. The Fantom website has an excellent guide on how to use Fantom with Metamask.
Opera, an EVM compatible mainnet, was launched in December 2019. Fantom is a third-generation blockchain (as are Cardano, Solana, and Polkadot). It seeks to challenge the incumbent centralized, legacy financial network by learning from and improving the architecture used by first and second-generation blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum.Fantom differs from Cardano and Solana in that it directly builds on top of what has already been built for Ethereum.
Fantom is marketed as a cheaper, more scalable version of Ethereum. It uses an Asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerant (aBFT) Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism called Lachesis. Lachesis uses a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) model that is leaderless, unlike the Delegated Proof of Stake consensus model used on other EVM chains like the Binance Smart Chain.The model allows for network data to be processed at different times with the network also capable of tolerating up to one-third of its participants engaging in faulty or malicious behavior without network processes being affected. Lachesis aims to balance fast transaction speed with good security.Each network node on Lachesis contains its own DAG. They each record the chronology of event blocks and respective transactions. Each node achieves consensus independently from the rest of the network. Confirmed batches of event blocks are then compiled into finalized blocks that are later confirmed by the wider Fantom network.Nodes on the Fantom network do communicate with each other occasionally about some transaction but there is no network-wide consensus that needs to be achieved on finalized blocks or to confirm the state of the network, unlike operations on proof-of-work networks. This architecture is the reason why Fantom is able to process transactions so quickly.
Fantom is a three-layer blockchain. The first layer is the Opera Core Layer, its function is to maintain consensus through the nodes. This is the DAG layer of Fantom and this is the means by which different transactions across the network can be confirmed simultaneously.The middle layer of the protocol executes functions on the network. It issues rewards and payments and manages the ‘story data’ of the network. The story data tracks the past transactions of the network.The final layer is the application layer. This layer maintains the public APIs that enable Dapp developers on Fantom to interact with their Dapps.Fantom has noted that there are some advantages to building on Fantom directly as opposed to porting Dapps from Ethereum onto Fantom. One of these is the ‘story data’ feature of the protocol layer that allows for the tracking of past transactions on the network.
The project’s backersIn May 2019, Fantom announced that it would be partnering with the Binance Smart Chain to improve its interoperability by launching a multi-asset, cross chain interoperability project. The multi asset initiative was meant to bring in new token standards, which would include Fantom versions of Ethereum’s ERC20 standard and the Binance Smart Chain’s BEP20. Interoperability has always been a key focus of the project and this continued with the launch of Opera and Ethereum style apps.
Fantom has big name VC backers like Sam Bankman-Fried’s Alameda Research, Arrington XRP Capital and BlockTower Capital. Its advisors include Andre Cronje, one of DeFi’s most notable developers. He has played a key role in building Ethereum-esque DeFi solutions for Fantom.The Token
The FTM token is the native token of the Fantom network. It secures the network, and it is the primary network token used for payments and to assign governance rights.Fantom is a proof-of-stake network where validators are assigned work on the blockchain, and the ability to earn rewards, in proportion to their holdings of the network digital asset. Fantom validator nodes must hold a min of 3,175,000 FTM to participate while stakers are to assign their tokens to a staking pool that earns rewards on their behalf. The minimum for a staker is 1 FTM. Nodes and stakers are assigned rewards regularly for their services to the network.A secondary utility of the tokens is payments enabled by Fantom’s fast speeds. Finally, FTM is used as the gas to power any smart contract interaction on the network.The Fantom staking mechanismAs mentioned, Fantom is a proof-of-stake blockchain where users can either run their own validator nodes or assign their stake to a validator which will earn rewards on their behalf. This means that anyone who holds FTM tokens can choose to delegate some of their SOL to one or more validators, who process transactions and run the network.There is no minimum staking period for FTM. Additionally, Liquid Staking unlocks the value of FTM once it is staked. sFTM is minted in a 1:1 ratio to staked FTM and can be used as collateral in Fantom Finance, the platform’s DeFi suite.
StakingRewards.com lists Fantom as the 17th-largest blockchain by value of assets staked - with US$2,386,542,598 staked. There are just ~64% of token holders participating in Fantom, which implies 36% of token holders are passively holding their FTM and are likely just speculators.Fantom is an emerging proof-of-stake still in its early adoption phase. This means rewards for stakers are still relatively high.
The current estimated interest rate for FTM holders who delegate their tokens to a validator is 9.6%. Adjusted for the inflation rate of network supply, however, this interest rate drops to 2.4%. According to Staking Rewards, validators running a Fantom Node will earn an interest rate of 11.34% but once adjusted for network supply inflation this drops to 4.1%.Users can delegate their tokens to a staking pool that will, for a fee, participate in the network’s Proof-of-Stake consensus on behalf of the delegator. Or they can run a node themselves and directly participate in consensus. Staking rewards.com describes the complexity of delegating FTM to a staking pool as ‘easy’. The FTM wallet is a web application built for Fantom that allows users to allocate to a pool within minutes. Increasing stake and unstaking is simple and can be completed within the same wallet.
It describes the complexity of running your own Fantom validator node as ‘Very Hard’ and risky for staking rewards. There are very high hardware requirements (with AWS setups recommended, which also requires a high level of technical knowledge).There are currently 43 live validators on the Fantom network, a relatively small quorum that implies relative centralization.
ConclusionFantom is pitched as a cheaper, faster, more energy efficient version of Ethereum. It can be viewed as a direct substitute for Ethereum using the same wallets, virtual machines and developer tools. It has stood against other EVM chains because of its unique consensus model, a long term focus on interoperability and perhaps because it is the next asset in line as part of the ongoing platform blockchain price pumps.The network has big-name VC backers and it continues to attract developers to build on it. It does, however, appear to be relatively centralized compared to chains like Ethhereum and Solana. Additionally like other EVMs it is riding on the coattails of Ethereum and may be hung out to dry when Ethereum becomes more scalable following the implementation of sharding and the full transition to Ethereum 2.0.The mission of the Cirus foundation is to accelerate the ownership economy by building the on-ramp for individuals to own, manage and monetize their largest digital commodity — data.
The internet has penetrated nearly every aspect of people's lives, including communicating with one another, consuming entertainment, and acquiring knowledge.The current Web 2.0 environment has come to reflect the era of "Big Data," in which individuals enrich themselves by providing data to centralized digital platforms.
The Cirus platform aims to transform this business method by addressing three major paradigm shifts: digital accessibility, big data and the key to ownership, and, last but not least, Web 3.0.What does Cirus aim for?
To gain a better understanding, Cirus Foundation is a multi-layered ecosystem that uses cutting-edge technology, software, and a tokenized currency to accelerate the ownership economy.Individuals may enter this new era by owning, managing, and monetizing their most valuable digital asset - data. Cirus is more than a game-changing solution for the next step in crypto and data storage.
The Cirus Foundation is a non-profit contributor to the Cirus Ecosystem, which contains the Cirus Device, Cirus Core Platform, and Cirus Confluence. They all work together to create a strong system that achieves three fundamental paradigm shifts in the way individuals interact with, profit from, and contribute to the ownership economy.Who is behind the project?Cirus stands up with a fantastic team; although they are at the start of their journey, it seems that creative ideas have attracted many interested participants to their project.One such person is former Apple CEO Gil Amelio, who has joined the Cirus Foundation as a senior adviser. The senior technology executive will also serve as chairman of Cirus' commercial business, assisting Cirus in reaching a new market for its technologies.
Another notable adviser is Finis Conner who is the co-founder of two Fortune 500 tech companies—Seagate and Conner Peripherals. Cirus will benefit from Conner's knowledge of growing hardware production, given his background with digital storage systems. Conner will also be essential to Cirus as it moves away from centralized storage and develops better solutions that ensure users' data ownership, which Conner refers to as personal cloud data storage.What’s the next step?
Cirus will also offer a device that can replace a regular home internet router while allowing interaction with the Cirus Core Platform and Confluence Network.Starting with the typical plug-and-play method, the user easily connects to the internet by replacing their traditional router with the Cirus. Users will be able to set permissions and pass thresholds for data collection through the device.
The information gathered is rich and granular, and the Cirus Core platform uses it. The gadget does not need a significant change in the user's behavior. They currently have 47 international patents pending, allowing them to offer an increasing and robust set of features that go beyond that of a primary internet router.Aside from that, the Cirus Foundation will have its token, which will serve as the network's native currency and external platform interactions. Their token has a fixed supply of 250 million units. The coin ecosystem will be split into four sections, including: